The main goal of treatment is to minimize the severity and frequency of tics as much as possible. As stress is known to exacerbate tics, one of the first treatment goals after psychoeducation is identifying and reducing stressors in the individual's life. Simultaneously, Habit Reversal Training (HRT) with relaxation techniques is taught to reduce tics. With awareness, the individual is then able to engage in a competing response that habituates the specific tic.
In addition, it is common for an individual with Tourette's Disorder to experience a co-morbid anxiety disorder. If this is the case, the anxiety disorder must also be treated in order to minimize tic severity and frequency.
While tic, anxiety and stress reduction are important goals of treatment, Dr. Simms also prioritizes fostering a healthy self-esteem of the individual with Tourette's, as tics frequently draw attention and can be embarrassing for the individual: potentially impacting their self-esteem. Self-acceptance and radical acceptance of Tourette's is an important factor in preserving the spirit of the individual. Tics will come and go, but the self-esteem and spirit of the individual remains throughout life and must be nurtured.